Spacing: not exactly punctuation, but go with me on this. One space between words, but two between sentences!
Periods: Obviously come after a sentence to show it is complete.
Commas: Used to prevent sentences from colliding together. For instance without a comma, this following sentence takes on a whole new meanings: While Xander was eating a demon attacked him. Now, without a comma, at first glance, one might think Xander was eating a demon. While Xander does eat almost anything, I do believe he draws the line somewhere. Thus, a comma is necessary making the sentence: While Xander was eating, a demon attacked him.
Commas between items in a series is up for debate. However, most experts agree that using a comma between the second and third items in a series results in increased clarity and less confusion. For instance: Buffy and the Scoobies have defeated the Master, the Judge, and the Mayor.
Semi-colons are used between independent clauses not linked by a conjunction. For instance: Five vamps were sitting at the bar in Willy's; only one was drinking blood.
Colons are used after independent clauses to call attention to a list, a quote, etc. For instance: Buffy's training includes the following: running, beating with the dummy, and blindfolded sword-fighting.
The Apostrophe is used to indicate possession or to mark contractions. The following examples show possession. If the subject ends in any letter other than "s" add and 's. Willow's athame, Xander's Twinkie, Giles's shop. If the subject ends in an "s" and is plural simply add the apostrophe after the "s". The vampires' growls. If two people own the object the apostrophe goes after the second person's name. Buffy and Willow's dorm room was big. If two people have the same object the apostrophe goes after each person's name. Cordy's and Buffy's tube tops were blue. Contractions are two verbs strung together. Willow, where's the spellbook? Where's is a combination of where and is. This occurs with many verbs. However, it is usually only used in dialogue, not description.
Quotation marks show when someone is speaking. "Willow, why did you perform that spell?" Giles asked. "I cast the spell to help everyone, Giles," Willow answered.
Question marks are used after a direct question. Exclamation points are used after a sentence that expresses exceptional feeling or needs special emphasis.
|The authors own nothing. Joss, UPN, WB, etc. own Buffy, the show, the characters, the places, and the backstory. The authors own any original plots.|